What was the Purpose of the Schuman Proposal?
Did this mark the real birth of Europe?
It started a new epoch with a new entity: EUROPE
The first declared purpose of the Schuman Proposal is PEACE
The act is 'primarily for peace
and to give peace a chance.'
The aim is to provide the first bases for World Peace.
LAW would replace WAR among the Community states
Was the first Community to be open to all Europeans in East and West?
The Community was open to all European countries
The Community's production was to be offered to the whole world
Did this include Eastern Europeans?
Was the first Community offered as an experiment or designed as a solid foundation and necessary first action to transform Europe as a whole?
Europe was born by the proposal
The first Community would transform Europe
Was it aimed at entirely changing European balance of power politics?
Would the Community start to gather the European nations together?
Europeans would be better off
The coal and steel sector was a decisive
Why was coal and steel so important?
Coal and steel are essential for weapons of war
The industries are also essential for development
National industrial basins would now progress fairly and justly
European industries can plan strategically without fear of being bombed in wars
This peaceful example of cooperation would permeate Europe like leaven in bread dough
How would placing these industries under a supranational authority help?
It would 'fuse the essential national interests'
It would make war 'materially impossible'
War would become 'unthinkable'
amongst cooperating interests
Increased cooperation is only the first step to other fruitful development
Fair and just trade leads to economic unity
It would act against the formation of cartels
What were the main principles of supranationality?
The essential was to create an independent authority above corrosive nationalism
Such blind nationalism leads to war
The High Authority (= today's European Commission) would provide independent arbitration for European problems
The High Authority would itself be subject to law and justice
The aim would be to serve all Europeans and the world
National decisions made together with such independent arbitration would become enforceable international law
Equality, open information systems, better treatment of workers
Raising living standards, promoting peace, aiding developing countries
Was an aim of the Coal and Steel Community to create a single market?
Goods would circulate within the Community free of customs duties
The new Community was neutral about nationalizations or private ownership
The new Community drew on the experience
of the International Ruhr Authority
Do a Common Market and a common currency figure in the proposal?
Is a European economic community part of the proposal?
Is monetary union implied in
the original proposal?
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